Before learnig how to can food let’s take a look at the overall picture of this popular activity.
Home canning, as define by Wikipedia, is “…the process of preserving foods, in particular, fruits, vegetables, and meats, by packing them into glass jars and then heating the jars to kill the organisms that would create spoilage.”
Home canning is a safe and economical way to preserve your food. Canning your homegrown favorite and the market’s special products to be enjoyed by family and friends all year long is a fulfilling experience and a great source of pride.
To learn how to can food, you need to understand that The purpose of the canning process is two fold: to destroy certain enzymes and microorganisms already in the food and to prevent bacteria from contaminating it once these agents have been destroyed. The first is accomplished by heat, the second by air-tight sealing.
Canning interrupts the normal spoilage and decaying cycle of food by heating the food contained in a home canning jar that has been closed with a two-piece vacuum sealing cap. When heat is applied at the correct temperature and held there for the time designated by a specific tested home canning recipe, it destroys potentially harmful microorganisms; at the same time, it drives air from the jar. Upon cooling, the lid seals onto the jar. The vacuum that has formed prevents other microorganisms from entering and contaminating the food. This procedure is also known as processing.
Home canning, as long as it is done carefully, is perfectly safe. If you’re new to home canning read as much as you can on the topic. JeBouffe home canning step by step guide is a good starting point.
Welcome to the wonderful world of home canning.
This guide is intended to provide you with the essential information to make your first small jars in a safe and enjoyable way. It will guide you through all stages from preparation to storage of your products.
You will discover the principles of conservation for different types of food, the benefits of home canning, the recommended methods as well as the ones to avoid.
Then you will learn the two proper methods of treatment: the boiling water bath and the pressure canning methods. You will find a list of essential equipment and the detailed steps for a successful canning experience.